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Murat Bakal MBA(Business of Administration) : What does Port State Control mean ?
By Sea and Coast | 04/06/2021

Port State inspections are the lifeblood of maritime trade. The responsibility for ship safety is not first under the control of the Port State. The responsibility for ship safety rests primarily with ship personnel, ship owners, managers and flag states.

However, no country wants to host a substandard ship on its territory due to the threats that ships may have. Various IMO contracts, such as Solas, Marpol, STCW, define the role of Port state control in ensuring the implementation of these contracts, and they are fully authorized in inspections.

What does Port State Control mean ?

Before discussing the Memorandum of understanding from the point of view of Port state control, let's understand what an MoU really means. A memorandum of Understanding ( MoU) is a formal agreement between two or more parties. Companies and organizations may use Memorandum of Understanding to establish formal partnerships. The Memorandum of understanding is not legally binding, but they carry a stronger degree of seriousness and mutual respect than a gentleman's agreement.

In simple words, an MOU is a formal agreement between two or more parties that is mutually beneficial to them.

With regard to Port state controls, the meaning is no different.

Countries in a region (Europe, for example) come together to work as a team to supervise ships arriving at their ports.

A country can join any MoU that suits it. The MoU will accept the request from the country if the PSC procedures in that country comply with the MoU procedures.

But because of the common interest in the region, the country's participation in its own regional MoU is what benefits the most

For example, suppose a country in the Far East joins the Paris MoU. A vessel inspected in this country shall not be inspected for the use of low sulfur fuel according to the special area of Annex VI.

When this ship reaches Europe, ideally, there should be no need to re-examine this ship, as it is examined in a port under the same MoU.

But the port in Europe will still want to examine the ship for compliance with Marpol Annex VI.

PSCs are not assigned to each ship, but by creating a risk profile factor according to the following .

They come to the ship taking into account the type of ship,age,flag, performance of the ship's ISM company, the time elapsed after the previous inspection, or any pilot complaint, etc.

When a PSC surveyor comes on board, it can conduct different types of inspections. For example initial inspection, extended inspection, concentrated inspection campaign etc

PSC audit results

If there are no deficiencies as a result of the PSC audit conducted on board, we will simply file the PSC audit report and inform the company about the PSC audit. If there are deficiencies, these deficiencies can generally fall into one of these three categories.


Eksik deficiency that needs to be corrected before takeoff

Eksik deficiency that needs to be corrected over a period of time

PSC s generally pay attention to the issues and key points outlined below if necessary,

emergency fire pump, boat motors, alarms and detectors, emergency lighting, emergency batteries, emergency power generator and equipment, CO2 alarm, Hatch bilge water level alarms, emergency rudder hardware, emergency escape air tubes, navigational beacons, radar

batteries and emergency hand VHF, GMDSS equipment/running lights/emergency lights and any other equipment that works with 24V feeder, CONDITION/EPIRB tests, oxygen and toxic gas meter devices,quick closing valves,double wall,alarm, bilge separators/bilge level alarm/15 ppm alarm,emergency generator testing, technical materials and special equipment according to the type of ship in the port of payro prior to arrival and check ups injunction against cold weather conditions, Regular checks of the equipment Planned maintenance system the scope of the ISM code, in case of defects and non-compliance, and the opening of corrective / preventive actions implementation of notifications to be made of malfunctions that  may occur due to force majeure (including the Port Authority), and non-compliance to the arrangement of reports, and corrective/preventive actions implementation.

After the ship is safely docked in the port (attention to the broadside pier and network), the relevant persons are received, the lumbar mouth shift is ready and meets the ship's safety requirements, and the guard immediately notifies the VHF in case the PSCO arrives. PSCO due attention to (failure stress), especially in leave the ship, be prepared to have fire drills and emergency helm, Life boats and ready to ship stations, life raft hydrostatic lock to be valid from the date of service of, abandon ship under full instruction in the neighborhood of posters and emergency lighting can be full of personal and RMA ensure that you comply with the standards as specified by the recovery tool. Knowing the duties of personnel in role training. Have sufficient English language skills of key personnel, be prepared for the alarm to be given, GMDSS equipment, and the personnel responsible to be familiar with the tests in question is ready for testing, the Test runs and the existence of VDR Gyro/control reagent repeaterlar with mist and errors and correction of navigational charts (including cruise plan) and to be complete and up to date publications of the firing circuit, fire hoses and fire emergency response equipment and be ready to use robust, and to be considered for boyalik fire extinguishing system, fire dampers control,

The trim of the ship an injunction against the state of emergency interfering with the operation of the fire pump, life's a scene in the corridors of the absence of any barriers, rations, enough of kumanyalig to be clean and orderly, cold room alarm control, the scene of life (in the kitchen pay attention to the filters), common areas, and quarters (furniture/beds be firm, clean and free from Grease-freezer in your cabin/lack of food) to be clean and tidy, the scene of life measures against pests and spraying of life a scene ventilation, adequate heating and Lighting, cable in the structure of the living area, etc. definitely it's not a hole, the tightness of the hood of control, work areas and equipment to be full of accident prevention instruction, Maneuver/binding equipment and the availability of protection, self-closed doors to work properly, according to the management plan to the class of appropriate trash trash collection and disposal/the granting of the engine room to be dirty to be considered not absolute, proper insulation of Exhaust, emergency escape routes and will not interfere in the branding, making it full of the housing of the moving parts of Main and auxiliary machinery, Control of quantities in bilge/Slach/sewage tanks, presence of sewage outlet in closed position, presence of oxygen tanks and equipment along with the ship's Infirmary certified, clean and regular, presence of certificates and documents that must be present on ships specified in Solas Annex-1, MSC-MEPC.2 / Circ.2 on all ships, except for cruising, the current "International Sign Code Book" and " International Aviation and Maritime Search and Rescue guide Vol.III " by ship type with books IBC, BCH, On-board publication of IGC and ISM code.

Keeping records of rest hours

As a result, the whole idea of Port state control is not to give substandard vessels an area of operation.

The only way to eliminate substandard ships is to study ships, and this is a necessary practice for our world.

#Sea and coast